Broadacre Wild Plants

Grasses

Arrhenatherum elatius                   False-oat grass

Agrostis canina                              Velvet bent

Alopecurus pratensis                     Meadow foxtail

Anthoxanthum odoratum               Sweet vernal grasss

Carex otrubae                                False fox-sedge

Cynosurus cristatus                        Crested dog’s tail

Cyperus longus                              Sweet galingale

Dactylis glomerata                         Cock’s foot grass

Deschampsia cespitosa                  Tufted hair-grass

Elytrigia repens                              Common couch grass

Festuca rubra                                  Red fescue

Holcus lanatus                                Yorkshire fog

Juncus conglomeratus                    Compact rush

Juncus effusus                                Soft rush

Juncus inflexus                               Hard rush

Lolium perenne                              Perennial rye-grass

Melica uniflora                              Wood melick

Milium effusum                             Wood millet

Phalaris arundinacea                      Reed canary-grass

Phleum bertolonii                          Small-leaved timothy

 

Papaveraceae

Papaver rhoeas                              Common red poppy

Betulaceae

Corylus avellana                           Common hazel

Betula pendula                              Silver birch

 

Fumariaceae

Fumaria officinalis                        Fumitory

 

Violaceae

Viola riviniana                               Common violet

 

Caprifoliaceae

Lonisera periclymenum                 Honeysuckle

 

Primulaceae

Primula veris                                  Cowslip

Primula vulgaris                             Primrose

 

Solanaceae

Solanum nigrum                           Black nightshade

 

Orchidaceae

Dactylorhiza fuchsii                 Common spotted orchid

 

Aquifoliaceae

Ilex aquifolium                               Holly

 

Celastraceae

Euonymus europaeus                     Spindle

 

Dioscoreaceae

Tamus communis                           Black bryony

Rosaceae

Alchemilla filicaulis ssp vestita      Lady’s mantle

Bellis perennis                                Daisy

Crataegus monogyna                      Hawthorn

Filipendula ulmaria                         Meadowsweet

Geum urbanum                               Wood avens

Malus sylvestris                              Crab apple

Potentilla reptans                            Creeping cinquefoil

Prunus spinosa                                Blackthorn

Rosa arvensis                                 Trailing rose

Rosa canina                                    Dog rose

Rubus fruticosus                             Bramble

Sanguisorba officinalis                   Great burnet

Sorbus torminalis                           Wild service tree

Papillionaceae

Lathyrus pratensis                          Meadow vetchling

Melilotus altissimus                       Yellow melilot

Medicago lupulina                         Black medick

Trifolium repens                            White clover

Trifolium pratense                          Red clover

Lotus corniculatus                          Birds-foot trefoil

Lotus pedunculatus                 Greater Birds-foot trefoil

Cytisus scoparius                            Broom

Vicia cracca                                    Tufted vetch

Vicia hirsuta                                    Hairy tare

Vicia sativa                                     Common vetch

Umbelliferae

Angelica sylvestris                         Wild angelica

Anthriscus sylvestris                      Cow parsley

Heracleum  sphondylium               Hogweed

Scrophulariaceae

Veronica  persica                           Persian speedwell

Verbascum thapsus                       Common mullein

Linaria vulgaris                             Yellow Toadflax

Scrophularia nodosa                     Common Figwort

Urticeae

Urtica dioica                            Stinging Nettle

Urtica urens                             Small nettle

 

Plantaginaceae

Plantago lanceolata                  Ribwort plantain

Veronica persica                      Persian speedwell

Onagraceae

Epilobium angustifolium          Rosebay willowherb

Epilobium hirsutum                  Great willowherb

Epilobium montanum               Broad-leaved willowherb

 

Polygonaceae

Polygonum lapathifolium           Pale persicaria

Rumex obtusifolius                   Broad-leaved dock

 

Liliaceae

Galanthus nivalis                       Snowdrop

Hyacinthoides non-scriptum     Bluebell

 

Iridaceae

Iris pseudacorus                         Yellow flag

 

Celastraceae

Euonymus europaeus                 Spindle

 

Amaryllidacea

Allium ursinum                          Ramsons (Wild onion)

Rubiaceae

Galium aparine                          Goose grass

Galium verum                            Lady’s bedstraw

 

Convolvulaceae

Calystegia sepium                      Hedge bindweed

 

Araliaceae

Hedera helix                               Ivy

 

Euphorbiaceae

Mercurialis perennis                   Dog’s mercury

Compositae

Achillea ptarmica                            Sneezewort

Centaurea nigra                               Common knapweed

Chrysanthemum  leucanthemum     Ox-eye daisy

Chrysanthemum parthenium           Feverfew

Cirsium arvense                              Creeping thistle

Cirsium vulgare                               Spear thistle

Dipsacus fullonum                          Teasel

Hypochaeris radicata                       Cat’s ear

Leontodon autumnalis                     Autumn Hawkbit

Matricaria matricarioides                 Pineapple plant

Pulicaria dysenterica                        Common fleabane

Senecio jacobaea                             Ragwort

Senecio vulgaris                              Groundsel

Taraxacum officinale                       Dandelion

Tragopogon pratensis                       Meadow salsify

Tussilago farfara                              Coltsfoot

Cruciferae

Alliaria petiolata                             Mustard garlic

Cardamine pratensis                       Lady’s smock

Sinapis arvensis                              Charlock

Ranunculaceae

Anemone nemorosa                      Wood anemone

Ranunculus acris                           Meadow buttercup

Ranunculus ficaria                         Lesser celandine

Ranunculus repens                        Creeping buttercup

Caryophyllaceae

Cerastium fontanum                        Common mouse ear

Stellaria graminea                            Lesser stitchwort

Lychnis flos-cuculi                          Ragged robin

Geraniaceae

Geranium dissectum                       Cut-leaved cranesbill

Geranium lucidum                          Shining cranesbill

Labiatae

Ajuga reptans                                  Bugle

Lamium album                               White dead nettle

Lamium purpureum                        Red dead nettle

Prunella vulgaris                             Self heal

Stachys sylvatica                            Wood woundwort

Boraginaceae

Myosotis arvensis                           Forget-me-not

Mysotis scorpiodes                        Water forget-me-not

Pentaglottis sempervirens              Alkanet

Symphytum officinale                    Comfrey

Rhamnaceae

Frangula alnus                              Alder buckthorn

Rhamnus cathartica                      Purging buckthorn

Ferns

Azolla filicoides                            Azolla

Equisetum arvense                        Field horsetail

Ophioglossum vulgatum               Adder’s tongue

Phyllitis scolopendrium     Common heart’s tongue fern

Polypodium vulgare           Rose & common polypody

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